The World’s Oldest Dog Breeds
Dogs have attained a much-esteemed place in the history of mankind. This doesn’t come as a surprise that they are our most trusted companion. The relationship between dogs and humans first established when European hunters came into contact with a group of wolves some 18000-32000 years ago. Dogs are said to be originated from these wolves.
Although many of the first dog breeds are not around today, here are the breeds that have survived to become our furry friends.
1. Akita Inu
Although their exact date of origination is disputed, the Akita Inu has an ancestor which existed from 8,000 B.C- 200 B.C. They originated from Japan’s northern-most area called Akita Prefecture. They are known for being loyal to the bone, affectionate and trustworthy. They also make amazing guard dogs as they have a habit of asserting dominance over other dog breeds.
Basenjis are often likened to the hunting dog in the cave painting in Libya that dates back to 6000 B.C. They are rumoured to be the most ancient dog breeds in the world and originated in the Congo Basin in Central Africa. With an average lifespan of 14 years, they are famous for their barkless nature as they prefer whining, screaming and growling to traditional barking. Their highly active, curious, independent and energetic nature requires a patient owner.
3. Afghan Hound
The Afghan Hound is also an ancient dog breed which originated in Afghanistan around 6000 B.C. Although the exact date of origin cannot be calculated, it can be traced back almost 8000 years ago. Like their close relatives Saluki, Afghan Hounds are an excellent hunting dog for capturing larger prey in the deserts and mountains of Afghanistan. They have a hardy nature and generally don’t like to be cuddled or hugged. However, their exotic colouring and long hair make them a well-sought after breed.
4. Alaskan Malamute
Alaska’s Norton Sound Region gave birth to this amazing stalwart dog breed around 1000 B.C. It is one of the oldest as well as the largest dog breed, which was bred by the Mahlemut Tribe for the Arctic sledding. Their huge size made them perfect for hunting prey and their immense strength makes them an ideal candidate for pulling heavily loaded sleds.
Nowadays, they are often used for travelling, hauling large objects or moving freight. They are also kept for mushing or recreational sledding due to their loving and kind nature. Their high drive for hunting helps them chase small animals such as cats, squirrels and rabbits.
They originated in Siberia around 1000 B.C. by the Samoyedic people of Northwestern Siberia after which they are named. They were specifically bred for herding and hunting deer and pulling sledges in harsh weather conditions. Although there is no specific date associated with their origin, it can be traced back to when the Samoyedic Tribe migrated from Central Asia to the Arctic around 1000 B.C. Samoyeds are playful and loyal as well as intelligent, which makes them a wonderful addition to any family.
These are some of the world’s oldest dog breeds and their ability to work well with humans have helped them survive so long on planet Earth. Their ability to hunt, guard or be wholesome companions have quite rightly termed them our most trusted friends.